Malaysian Space Agency (MYSA)

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Malaysian Space Agency (MYSA)

Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation (MOSTI)

FAQs

 1. What are the standard products of remote sensing images provided by MYSA?
  Remote sensing satellite images provided by Malaysian Space Agency (MYSA) to users are mainly acquired through Ground Receiving Station located in Temerloh, Pahang. Satellite images acquired by the station are from Radarsat-1, SPOT 1,2,4 & 5, NOAA, Terra and Aqua (MODIS), IRS-P4 (OCM). Higher resolution satellite images of QuickBird, IKONOS and Pleiades are acquired through foreign ground stations. These images are processed and value-added at MYSA Headquarters in Kuala Lumpur to meet user specifications.
   
  Remote sensing satellite images provided by MYSA are in the form of:
  Digital Products: CD-Rom/DVD
  Permanent Print Products: High Gloss Paper, Design Jet Products
   
  Types of products available:
   (i)  Standard Digital Product
      (a)  System Corrected
      (b)  Map Corrected
    (c)  Pansharp
  (ii)  Value-added Digital Product
  (iii)  Ink Jet Print Product
  (iv)  Photographic Print Product
    
 Click Here For detailed characteristics and price for each product.
 Click Here For more information on the remote sensing technology.
 2. What is meant by scenes, quadrant and subscene? 
 Scenes are near-square images covering an area that varies in size depending on the satellite and sensor that’s collecting the information. 
 Quadrant is 1/4 of the full scene, while subscene is any area with the coverage of < quadrant. 

MYSA Standard Digital Products and Pricing is as shown in the table below:

SATELLITE TYPE PROCESSING LEVELCOVERAGESPATIAL RESOLUTION (METER)PRICE (RM)PRICING APPROVAL LETTER
GOVERNMENTPRIVATE

Landsat 5 TM

Landsat 7 ETM+

System Corrected/Map Corrected

Full Scene

(185km x 185km)

15m & 30m1,900.002,450.00Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan (26.00)248/13/1-1(JD.2)/110
SPOT 1,2,3,4 &5System Corrected/Map Corrected

Full Scene

(60km x 60km)

 20m, 10m & 5m

2.5m

1,300.00

2,600.00

1,650.00

3,300.00

 Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan (26.00)248/13/1-1(JD.2)/110

Map Corrected

Pansharp PNC

Full Scene

(60km x 60km)

10m

5m

2.5m

2,920.00

3,000.00

4,350.00

3,620.00

3,700.00

5,400.00

Quarter Scene

(30km x 30km)

10m

5m

2.5m

 730.00

810.00

1,010.00

870.00

950.00

1,200.00

Map Corrected

Pansharp All Bands

Full Scene

(60km x 60km)

10m

5m

2.5m

2,880.00

2,920.00

4,250.00

3,580.00

3,620.00

5,300.00

Quarter Scene

(30km x 30km)

10m

5m

2.5m

690.00

730.00

910.00

830.00

870.00

1,100.00

Radarsat-1

System Corrected/

Map Corrected

  Full Scene:

Fine Mode (50kmx50km)

9m3,300.005,000.00Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan KK/BP (26.00)248/13-1-1Jld.2(42)
Extended High Mode (75km x 75km)25m 2,500.003,800.00 
Standard Mode (100km x 100km)25m 2,500.00 3,800.00 
Wide Mode (150km x 150km)25m2,900.00 4,400.00
ScanSAR Narrow Mode (300km x 300km)50m 2,500.00 3,800.00 
ScanSAR Wide Mode (300km x 300km)100m 2,500.003,800.00 
IKONOS

System Corrected

Pansharp

Per square km1m83.00 –Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan KK/BP(26.00)248/14-2 Jld.2(73)
QUICKBIRD

System Corrected

Pansharp

Per square km0.7m74.00 –Surat Kelulusan Perbendaharaan Bilangan KK/BP22/441293(5)
3.What is meant by processing level and how many processing levels are available?
 System corrected:Image is geometrically corrected using Satellite Orbital Parameters (Image Header Information)
 Map Corrected:Image is also geometrically corrected using Ground Control Point (GCP) from JUPEM’s L7030 Topographic map 1:50,000 and terrain correction using Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data of 90m spatial resolution
 Pansharp All Bands:System/Map Correction of Multispectral image (using all Multispectral bands) combined with Panchromatic image
 Pansharp PNC:System/Map Correction of Multispectral image combined with Panchromatic image to produce Pseudo Natural Colour (PNC) image
 Digital products are provided in CD-Rom/DVD/Blu-ray Disc.
 Landsat-8 can be downloaded free from the following website: http://glovis.usgs.gov
4. How to order the standard product of remote sensing data? 
 Order can be made through the MYSA Data Order Form which can be downloaded as below: 
 Application for NON-RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite ImagesClick to download  
 *Application for RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite ImagesClick to download (this form is only available in Bahasa Malaysia) 
 *RESTRICTED : Data Resolution in 5m, 2.5m,1m & 0.6m  
    
 The form must be completely filled and to be returned together with Local Order / Bank Draft / Postal Order / Money Order / Cheque payable to the Director General of MYSA, to the following address: 
 Director General,
Malaysian Space Agency (MYSA)
Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI),
No. 13, Jalan Tun Ismail,
50480 Kuala Lumpur.
MALAYSIA
Fax : 603-2697 3350
  
 Please contact the Remote Sensing Data Receiving and Distribution Division ( Tel : 603-2697 3400 ) for assistance in completing the form or for additional information. 
    
5.When is the product delivery?
 *Product delivery is as follows (based on per unit product):
 i. NON-RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite Images:
 Standard Digital Product:  
  System Corrected2 working days 
 Map Corrected4 working days 
 Pansharp5 working days 
 Value Added Product12 working days 
 InkJet Printing6-14 working days 
 Photography Printing7-15 working days 
 ii. RESTRICTED Remote Sensing Satellite Images:
 Applications for restricted remote sensing satellite image type (5 meters resolution and below) will follow procedures stated under the Security Directive Circular against Geospatial Documents. Therefore, an additional 2 weeks to a month is required for security clearance process.
  
 *DOES NOT include delivery period

6. What are the characteristics of each remote sensing satellites?

a) Landsat, SPOT, Radarsat and TerraSAR-X satellites characteristics:

Satellite Type Landsat-5Landsat-7 Landsat-8 Spot-1, 2 &4Spot-5Spot-6/7Radarsat-1Radarsat-2TerraSAR-X
Satellite OwnerUS Geological Survey (USGS) & NASAUS Geological Survey (USGS) & NASAUS Geological Survey (USGS) & NASAAirbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)Canadian Space Agency (CSA)Canadian Space Agency (CSA) Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)
Sensor Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM)Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+)Operational Land Imager (OLI), Thermal Infrared Sensors (TIR)Panchromatic and MultispectralPanchromatic and MultispectralPanchromatic and MultispectralSynthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
Spatial Resolution 30m30m XS band, 15m Panchromatic band15m10m2.5m 1.5m 8m-100m3m-100mHigh Resolution Spotlight: 1m, Spotlight:2m, StripMap:3m, ScanSAR:18m
No. of Channel (Bands)7811455111
Revisit Time16 days16 days16 days2 to 3 days (revisit interval)2 to 3 days (revisit interval)1 dayNorth of 70°N  Daily, North of 48°N Every 4 days,The Earth (except the centre of Antarctica, 80°S and 90°S) Every 6 daysBetween 40° and 70°
Every 1-2 days, Equator Every 2-3 days
11 days
Orbit Height705 km705 km705 km98.7 km822 km694 km793-821 km798 km514 km
Design LifeMinimum of 3 yearsMinimum of 5 yearsMinimum of 5 years3 years (SPOT 1/2/3), 5 years (SPOT-4)5 yearsBuilt with a 10-year lifetime warranty5 years7 years 
LaunchMarch 1, 1984April 15, 1999February 11, 2013SPOT-1 22 Feb 1986, SPOT-2 22 Jan 1990, SPOT-3 26 Sep 1993,
SPOT-4 24 Mac 1998
May 3, 2002SPOT-6 : September 12, 2012. SPOT-7 20144 November 1995 (last contact 29 March 2013)Dec 14, 2007Jan 15, 2007
Scene Size (coverage)

 170 km x 185 km

(106 mi x 115 mi)

170 km x 185 km
(106 mi x 115 mi)
170 km x 185 km
(106 mi x 115 mi)

 3,600 sq km

(60km x 60km)

 3,600 sq km

(60km x 60km)

60km x 600km
(1 strips)
45km-500km50km-530kmHS Spotlight: 5 to 10 km x 5 km (width x length)
SpotLight: 10 km x 10 km
StripMap: 30 km x 50 km
ScanSAR: 100 km x 150 km

b) IKONOS, Quickbird, Worldview, GeoEye, Pleiades, MODIS and NOAA satellites characteristics:

Satellite Type IKONOSQuickbird Worldview-1 Worldview-2Worldview-3GeoEye-1PleiadesMODISNOAA
Satellite Owner 

DigitalGlobe

DigitalGlobeDigitalGlobeDigitalGlobeDigitalGlobe Airbus Space & Defence (Airbus DS)NASA National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration USA (NOAA)
Sensor 

Spaceborne multispectral sensor with very high spatial resolution capabilities

State-of-the-art
BGIS 2000 sensor
 Star trackers,
solid state IRU
WorldView-3
Satellite Sensor
GeoEye-1
Satellite Sensor
Pleiades-1B
satellite sensor
Terra (EOS AM-1) and
Aqua (EOS PM-1)
AVHRR sensor
Spatial Resolution 1m Panchromatic Band;
4m XS Band
0.65m0.46m0.46m0.31m0.46m0.5m250 m (bands 1-2),
500 m (bands 3-7),
1000 m (bands 8-36)
3500m
No. of Channel (Bands)

 5 (Panchromatic,
Blue, Green, Red, NIR)

5Panchromatic BandPanchromatic Band,
8 Band XS
Panchromatic Band, 8 Band XS,
8 Band SWIR and 12 CAVIS imagery
55366
Revisit TimeApproximately 3 days
at 40° latitude
1-3.5 days,
depending on latitude
(30° off-nadir)
1.7 days at 1 meter GSD or less, 5.9 days at 20° off-nadir or less (0.51 meter GSD)1.1 days at 1 meter GSD or
less 3.7 days at 20° off-nadir or less (0.52 meter GSD)
4.5 days at 20° off-nadir or less10Daily1-2 days3-4 times a day
Orbit Height681 km450 Km / 482 Km –
(Early 2013)
496 km770 km617 km681 km694 km705 km830 km – 870 km
Design LifeOver 7 yearsCompleting 13-year
mission on orbit
  10 – 12 yearsFully redundant 7+ year design life;
fuel for 15 years
 6 years7 years
LaunchSept 24, 1999Oct 18, 2001Sept 18, 2007Oct 8, 2009Aug 13, 2014Sept 6, 2008Dec 2, 2012Terra (EOS AM-1) 18 December 1999,
Aqua (EOS PM-1) 4/5/2002
June 27, 2009
Scene Size (coverage)1.3 km at nadirSwath width 16.5 km at nadir;
Tasked scene sizes are customizable and determined by the user
17.6 Km x 14 Km or
246.4 Km2 at nadir
96 x 110 km mono,
48 x 110 km stereo
Mono: 66.5 km x 112 km (5 strips),
Stereo: 26.6 km x 112 km (2 pairs)
Nominal swath width – 15.2 km at Nadir
Single-point scene – 225 sq km (15×15 km)
Contiguous large area – 15,000 sq km (300×50 km)
Contiguous 1°cell size areas – 10,000 sq km
Contiguous stereo area – 6,270 sq km (224×28 km)
(Area assumes pan mode at highest line rate)
Daily constellation capacity: 1,000,000 sqkm
Strip mapping (mosaic): 100 km x 100 km
Stereo imaging: 20 km x 280 km
Max. spots over 100 km x 200 km: 30
(crisis mode)
2,330 km wide.2399-km swath.
Note:XS refers to Multispectral
 Pan refers to Panchromatic

 

7.What does spatial resolution mean?
 Spatial resolution refers to the smallest coverage of earth surface recorded by the satellite.
  
8.Is it possible to apply for FREE remote sensing data from MYSA, and how?
 Yes, it is possible to get free remote sensing data from MYSA, which is applicable to graduates and postgraduates students whose research is in the field of remote sensing.
 The free remote sensing data is limited up to 1500 pixel x 1500 line (equivalent to 45km x 45km area of Landsat TM, 30km x 30km area of SPOT Multispectral and 15km x 15km area of SPOT Panchromatic).
 Request for free data must be made by the student’s supervisor and the student is required to fill in the MYSA Data Order Form and the Student Form. A copy of research report must be submitted to the MYSA library for reference.
 Please click the links below to download respective forms:
 a. MYSA DATA ORDER FORM
 b. STUDENT FORM (this form is only available in Bahasa Malaysia)

 

 

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